"The Great Game"
- The great game refers to the risky competition of intelligence and influence over India among the European countries (Imperialism).
- The consequences of "The Great Game" were competition among European powers led to more imperialism in Southeast Asia.
- The Ottoman and the Qing empire's decline caused Central Asia to become a political vaccuum. The Russians took this chance and they expanded into India.
- The rivalries caused the Dutch to tighten their control and extendeded their control throughout the Dutch East Indies.
"Scramble for Africa"
- The most important outburst of Imperialism took place in Africa.
- Until 1875, Africa had a small amount of presence in Africa.
- The "Scramble for Africa" refers to the sudden quest for Africa. European countries traded with Africa for it's resource in exchange for Europe's textiles and technology.
- Suddenly, the entire continent was settled by European nations in order to exploit all of Africa's resources.
- European imperialists gained information compiled by explorers and adventurers who explored the never before explored areas of Africa.
- Tensions among nations. Due to this, the Berlin Conference (1881-1885) was created, made of delegates of 14 countries.
- The Berlin Conference made an agreement that any European country can establish African colonies but must first let the other European countries know their intention and must occupy non-settled land.